With Congressional negotiations hitting an impasse, the President issued four executive orders this past weekend, aiming to help wage-earners and businesses who have been struggling because of lockdowns and pandemic reasons.
One of these was a “memorandum” (found here) that suspends the collection of payroll taxes from September 1 until the end of the year for workers making less than $4,000 for any bi-weekly pay period (about $2,000 per week, or $104,000 per year).
(The other three orders were: 1) extending unemployment benefits at $400/week, 2) providing financial assistance to renters and a moratorium on evictions, and 3) waiving all student loan interest on loans held by the government through the end of the year and allowing deferred payments.)
There’s debate within each side of the political aisle on the concept of a payroll tax cut, but it’s now a de facto reality, unless somehow it’s changed by Congress.
So, if you make less than $104K per year in wages, your paychecks may be a little bigger for the rest of 2020.
What will the payroll tax cuts actually save you?
Good question, glad you asked.
7.65% of your wages are subtracted from your paycheck to fund Social Security and Medicare (6.2% for Social Security + 1.45% for Medicare). Your employer pays the same as well. Under current law (in 2020), the SS tax is only applied based on the first $137,700 of earnings — but an additional 0.9% Medicare tax is collected on wages over $200,000 for the year.
Under this particular order, those taxes go away, as an example, say you are making $15 per hour and working 40 hours per week. This payroll tax holiday will get you about $46 more per week (about $185 per month). From September through December, this comes out to about $825. And obviously, the numbers go up proportionately until you get to about $50/hour and $104K annual pre-tax wages.
Who does this NOT apply to?
If your earnings aren’t from W-2 wages, then this won’t help you. That means that if you’re unemployed, retired, a stay-at-home parent, or you don’t have a job for some other reason, then you won’t get this benefit. But the President DID also extend federal unemployment benefits by fiat — now at $400/week instead of $600.
“Won’t this wipe out Social Security and Medicare?”
Not according to Treasury Secretary Mnuchin. He has stated that money will be transferred from the federal government’s general fund to the Social Security and Medicare trust funds to cover any payroll tax amounts not collected.
“This is great! Right? No problems?”
Well … the executive order only suspends payroll taxes — it doesn’t eliminate them.
The order states: “Amounts deferred pursuant to the implementation of this memorandum shall be deferred without any penalties, interest, additional amount, or addition to the tax.” That said, the order directs the Secretary of the Treasury to “explore avenues, including legislation, to eliminate the obligation to pay the taxes deferred,” so there’s no telling at this point if the eventual payment of the deferred taxes can ultimately be avoided.
So, there is a chance that some employers might continue withholding payroll taxes from paychecks to avoid a large bill (for you AND for them) when the taxes eventually become due.
So … that’s the real scoop.
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